The Sickle Cell and Thalassemia Association of Côte d'Ivoire (ADTCI), wishes to build a specialized center for the care of sickle cell patients, whose prevalence varies between 12 and 14%, said its president on Friday. Ms. Patricia Amand, on the occasion of the 4th World Sickle Cell Disease Day. For the 2020 edition, the developed theme focused on screening. According to specialists, Côte d'Ivoire has 4 million sickle cell anemia. In an address, Mrs. Patricia Amand shared a note of hope, believing that in five years, the country will have a specialized sickle cell center.
Sickle cell anemia, a genetic disorder, manifests as pain (vaso-occlusive crises), anemia and ischemia, a decrease in arterial blood supply to an organ, which results in necrosis of the organs.
This pandemic, unfortunately can have consequences on the offspring of couples, who run the risk of giving birth to children whose health is fragile. According to Professor Ibrahima Sanogo, two AS-type spouses will have sickle cell children.
The president of the ADTCI, wants that for a fast assumption of responsibility of the populations, there is instituted a prenuptial balance, which will have to be compulsory, to allow the candidates to the marriage to know their statute, as well as a neonatal test for correct abnormalities in children.
Professor Ibrahima Sanogo calls for a national screening policy and especially the establishment of a care and research center against sickle cell anemia. This will make it possible to carry out a wide screening at the national level.
This disease manifests with many progressive complications, while the management is heavy. Economically, the cost of caring for patients is well above 500,000 CFA francs per year, not counting any surgical procedures.
The various hematology departments of the three university hospital centers in Côte d'Ivoire recorded in 2014, 11,972 patients suffering from sickle cell anemia, including 8,572 in Yopougon, 3,000 in Cocody and 400 in Treichville, with an average of 600 new cases each year.
Patrice Sékongo, country director of the European Institute for Cooperation and Development, called for mass screening and improved patient care thanks to a preventive system that is operational.
In a presentation on the evolution of screening tools, Dr Yao Atimeré, a hematologist, presented the HemoTypeSC test, which can detect sickle cell anemia in ten minutes. A solution that comes to save lives.
Sickle cell disease is the most common genetic disease in the world, with more than 153 million people living with it. The WHO, which instituted the international sickle cell day on June 19 each year, has ranked this pandemic among its priorities in Africa.